Accident: An unplanned, undesired event, not necessarily injurious or damaging to property that disrupts the completion of an activity. Let’s examine the definition. Accidents are clearly unplanned events. When they occur, they not only upset your schedule but demand all of your attention. You must stop what are you doing and handle the many problems caused by accidents.
Type of accidents:
- No Lost Time Accidents (Non-reportable Accident): An accident that results in a minor injury and the injured reports for duty within 48 hours of the accident is known as a non-lost time accident.
- Lost Time Accidents (Reportable Accident): An accident that results in an injury sufficiently serious so that the injured does not report for duty within 48 hours of the accident is called a lost-time accident.
Principal causes of accidents:
- RULES AND INSTRUCTIONS NOT OBSERVED: Many accidents happen because employees sometimes deviate from established rules & procedures.
- IMPROPER TOOLS AND DEVICES: Many accidents happen because of the use of improper tools and devices.
- METHOD USED NOT SUITABLE: The method used is not suitable for a particular job.
- PROTECTIVE DEVICES NOT USED: Protective clothing is not used during the job. Safety appliances or devices provided for his protections.
- LACK OF PROPER INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE: Machinery tools and all equipment should be regularly inspected and maintained by men using them. Defects if any should immediately be reported and got rectified.
- LOOSE CLOTHING: This is a cause of many accidents particularly around moving machinery.
- WORKING WITHOUT AN AUTHORITY: Take proper work permit for each job
- SHORT CUT: Never adopt short cut or makeshift arrangement.
- POOR JUDGMENT: Safety is a matter of common sense which must be used.
- HORSE PLAY: Horseplay is not allowed in or near the CNG station or CGD network strategic locations as it constitutes a contributory factor for the accidents.
- STRESS: Stresses that cause emotional upsets can occur within the work environment or away for it, but each kind of stress has an effect on the other which may lead to an accident.
In case of an accident;
- Report the emergency immediately to the concerned executive.
- Provide /arrange for immediate first aid or medical treatment to the injured.
- Compile a record of each accident as per statutory provision
- Give feedback to the appropriate authorities about the conditions of the injured.
- Must comply with all the statutory regulations and other regulations as per various acts.
- Should stop all the job activities at the accident site and should not restart the job unless clearance is given by the competent authority.
- Should not destroy any evidence which may be required during the accident investigation.
PNGRB (ERDMP) Regulation -2010
The regulation is called the Petroleum & Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Code of Practice for Emergency Response & Disaster Management Plan (ERDMP) Regulation-2010.
Classification of emergency: Emergency can be categorized into three broad levels on the basis of seriousness & response requirements, namely
Level I: This is an emergency or an incident which
- can be effectively and safely managed, and contained within the site, location or installation by the available resources;
- Has no impact outside the site, location, or installation & not likely to danger to life.
Level II: This is an emergency or an incident which
- cannot be effectively and safely managed, and contained within the site, location or installation by the available resources;
- is having or has the potential to have an effect beyond the site, location or installation and where external support of mutual aid partner may be involved
- is likely to be dangerous to life, the environment, or to industrial assets or reputation.
Level III: This is an emergency or an incident with an off-site impact that could be catastrophic and is likely to affect the population, property, and environment inside and outside the installation, and management and control are done by district administration. Although the Level-III emergency falls under the purview of District Authority until the step in, it should be the responsibility of the unit to manage the emergency.
Note: Level-I and Level-II shall normally be grouped as onsite emergency and Level-III as an off-site emergency.
Near Miss Incident: All the near-miss incidents reported at an individual sites, to be filled in the near-miss reporting format. The internal investigation should be done at the site level by site F&S in-charge and the corrective action should be taken by respective personnel to avoid the reoccurrence of the same.