Fri. Sep 24th, 2021

City gas distribution

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#22 ERDMP – Emergency Response & Disaster Management Plan

7 min read

PNGRB has mandated that the CGD entity should prepare an ERDMP document covering the in house safety organization, thus management is committed for safety, safety procedure & preparedness, accident reporting & analyzing procedure, and preparation of the on-site emergency plan.

The ERDMP also envisages the preparation of off-site emergency plans involving civic authorities like district administration, health service & fire fighting services. To secure and strengthen the safety aspects of CGD provision for mutual aid has also been suggested. The document prepared by PNGRB gives a structured outlook for the entire ERDMP so as to uniformly employ this across all CGD entities.

These regulations shall apply to –

  1. hydrocarbons processing installation (refinery, gas processing, LNG Re-gasification installations etc.);
  2. pipeline such as natural gas, propane, butane etc. and the hydrocarbons products which remain in gaseous state at NTP;
  3. liquid petroleum product pipeline;
  4. commercial petroleum storage facilities, gas storage facilities and terminals including LNG terminals;
  5. hydrocarbons gas bottling Installations having receiving, storage and handling facilities including storage for LPG, propane and butane;
  6. city or local natural gas distribution facilities;
  7. dispensing stations and POL retail outlets; 
  8. transportation of petroleum products by road;
  9. any other installation as may be notified by the Board from time to time;

Intent :

It is intended to apply these regulations –

a) to develop an ERDMP that should be concise and informative so that members of the emergency control organization should be able to quickly refer to the action plan to determine important functions that are being carried out;

b) to manage an emergency and not to use ERDMP just as reference material for training and shall be made applicable for the following;

  1. to prevent casualties – both on-site and off-site;
  2. to reduce damage to property, machinery, public and  environment;
  3. to develop a state of readiness for a prompt and orderly response to an emergency and to establish a high order of preparedness (equipment, personnel) commensurate with the risk;
  4. to provide an incident management organogram with clear missions and lines of authority (incident command system, field supervision, unified command);
  5. to ensure orderly and timely decision-making and response process (notification, standard operating procedures);
  6. to maintain good public relations;

The ERDMP shall include

  1. classification of emergencies;
  2. implementation schedule;
  3. consequences of defaults or non-compliance;
  4. statutory requirements;
  5. pre-emergency planning;
  6. emergency mitigation measures;
  7. emergency preparedness measures;
  8. emergency response procedures and measures;
  9. emergency organization and responsibilities;
  10. infrastructure requirements;
  11. declaration of on-site and off-site emergency;
  12. resources for controlling emergency;
  13. demographic information;
  14. medical facilities;
  15. evacuation;
  16. public relations and information to the public;
  17. reporting of the incident;
  18. emergency recovery procedures;
  19. ERDMP for  tank trucks and pipelines carrying petroleum products;
  20. integration of the ERDMP with National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) guidelines and action plan on Chemical Disasters (Industrial);
  21. security threat plan and action plan to meet the eventualities.

1) Classification of emergencies: The emergencies have been classified as Level-1 (those which can be contained within the sight and has no impact outside the installation), Level-2 (those which cannot be effectively and safely managed at the location or installation by available resources. It has potential to have an effect beyond the site and need support from other agencies like mutual aid partner but not having a dimension of a disaster.), Level-3 (those emergencies which have offsite impact and possibility of a catastrophe effecting population, property and environment outside.)

2) Implementation Schedule: This provides preparation and implementation of ERDMP by the entities.

3) Consequences of default & non-compliance

4) Statutory requirement: Any requirement under other statutory to be coverd in ERDMP.

5) Pre-emergencies planning: This include hazard identification, risk analysis and addressing likely cause of disaster.

6) Emergency Mitigation Measures: This addresses the resource mobilization, incident preventing measures etc.

7) Emergency preparedness measure: This calls for regular drill and mock exercise, training and mutual aids document acceptable to all stakeholder.

8) Emergency response procedure and measure: This calls for the zoning of the areas and preparation of map, layout and flow diagram including manpower data.

9) Emergency organization & responsibilities: The regulation provides for standard organization set up designating the chief incident controller, site incident controller, communication coordination, fire safety coordinator, and provisions for support and auxiliary services.

10) Infrastructure requirement: This address the requirement of emergency control centre, assembly point etc.

11) Declaration of on sight and off sight emergency: Depending on the level of emergency the specific incident is to be declared as specific level of emergency.

12) Resources for controlling emergency: In house resource, mutual aid resources and resources from the district administrator are analyzed for meeting a specific level of emergency including level 3 disaster.

13) Demographic information: The demographic requirement covers the neighboring population up to 5 km radius, housing colonies of industries, a sensitive institutions such as schools, hospitals, and religious establishments including old age homes.

14) Medical facilities: It cover facilities at the first aid center, identified hospitals including trained manpower and special antidotes required for specific kind of cause of the disaster.

15) Evacuation: It cover proper planning and techniques of evacuation including defining the locations where such evacuation should be destined to. The provision of food & water & assembly point or designated locations to be made.

16) Public relation & information to public: The information to public should be provided from time to time on specific issues. There must be one identified spokesperson.

17) Reporting of the incident: The timing and proper reporting of the incident should be as defined in the ERDMP document.

18) Emergency recovery procedure: After emergency is controlled or overcome it is necessary to inform the statutory authorities, to investigates the incident and asses the damage. Further, decontamination and clear up and restoration is essential part of recovery procedure.

19) ERDMP for cascades on trucks or trailers: The pressurize gas is normally transported in cascades for CNG applications and other commercial application should have specific provision in ERDMP to meet emergency due to leakage of gas, damage to cascade or trailer or burst of the cylinder etc.

20) Indication of ERDMP with NDMA (National Disaster Management Authority) guideline and action plan – For the purpose of uniformity the ERDMP for CGD must be in consonance with NDMA guidelines.

21) Security threat plan & action plan to meet the eventualities- It should address the threat terrorist activities including bomb threat and recovery plan.

Note: The document prepared by the entity is to be certified from the TPIA. The validity of third party certification could be minimum three to five years.

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