Fri. Sep 24th, 2021

City gas distribution

Transporting future fuel

#56 Natural Gas Pipelines in India

6 min read
  • Gas Pipeline infrastructure is an economical and safe mode of transporting the natural gas by connecting gas sources to gas consuming markets. Gas pipeline grid determines the structure of the gas market and its development. Therefore, an interconnected National Gas Grid has been envisaged to ensure the adequate availability and equitable distribution of natural gas in all parts of the country.
  • At present, there are about 16800 km long Natural Gas pipeline network which is operational in the country. In order to make available natural gas across the country, it has been envisaged to develop additional about 14,300 km pipelines to complete the National Gas Grid and same are at various stages of development. This would ensure easy availability of natural gas across all regions and also potentially help to achieve uniform economic and social progress. A brief of major gas pipeline projects which are being implemented by Central Government PSUs are as under:
  1. Jagdishpur – Haldia/Bokaro – Dhamra Pipeline Project (JHBDPL) & Barauni- Guwahati Pipeline project (BGPL) : GAIL is executing a 2655 km. long pipeline project. Phase-I of the project from Phulpur upto Dobhi (Gaya) with spur line to Varanasi, Patna, Gorakhpur & Barauni has been commissioned in 2019. Government, in September 2016, took a policy decision to provide 40% grant for this pipeline project which is also popularly known has as ‘Pradhan Mantri Urja Ganga (PMUG) for Eastern India’. Timely development of this project is supporting the revival of 3 Fertilizer Plants namely located at Gorakhpur, Barauni and Sindri and new Fertilizer Unit at Durgapur. Further, Pipeline from Barauni to Guwahati is also being implemented as an integral part JHBDPL project to connect North East Region (NER) with the National Gas Grid. The approx. length of the pipeline is 729 km. The entire project will cater to the energy demand of Eastern and North-Eastern Region covering six states, namely Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal and Assam.
  2. North East Region (NER) Gas Grid: A joint venture of five (05) oil and gas CPSEs i.e. GAIL, IOCL, OIL, ONGC and NRL named as “Indradhanush Gas Grid Ltd” (IGGL) has been entrusted to develop trunk pipeline connectivity in all North Eastern States i.e. Assam, Sikkim, Mizoram, Manipur, Aruncahal Pradesh, Tripura, Nagaland and Meghalaya in a phased manner. Prime objective of these pipelines would be to transport the domestic natural gas produced in the north east states and the same may first cater to the local requirements. It shall also connect the NER grid to the National Gas Grid.
  3. Kochi-Koottanad- Bangalore-Mangalore (Ph-II) Pipeline Project (KKBMPL) : 41 Km of Phase-I of pipeline has been commissioned and 887 Km of Phase-II is under progress in two sections. Construction work by GAIL of Kochi-Koottanad- Mangalore Section (444 Kms) is under progress and expected to be commissioned shortly. Work on other section is under progress.
  4. Ennore-Thiruvallur-Bangalore-Nagapattinum– Madurai – Tuticorin Natural gas pipeline (ETBNMTPL): IOCL is laying Ennore-Thiruvallur-Bangalore-Nagapattinum– Madurai – Tuticorin Natural gas pipeline (ETBNMTPL), length- 1385 km. This pipeline will connect new Ennore LNG Terminal with various demand centres in the region.
S. No.Name of the PipelineName of EntityLength
Date of
1Assam regional networkGAIL (India) Limited7.8 2.50004.11.2009
2Cauvery Basin networkGAIL (India) Limited240.34.33004.11.2009
3Hazira-Vijaipur-Jagdishpur -GREP (Gas Rehabilitation
and Expansion Project)-Dahej-Vijaipur HVJ/VDPL
GAIL (India) Limited4222.057.30019.04.2010
4Dahej-Uran-Panvel-DhabholGAIL (India) Limited815.0 19.90010.05.2010
5K.G. Basin network (+RLNG+RIL)GAIL (India) Limited877.9 16.00012.05.2010
6Gujarat regional network (+RLNG+RIL)GAIL (India) Limited608.8 8.31003.12.2010
7Agartala regional networkGAIL (India) Limited55.4 2.00013.12.2010
8Chhainsa-Jhajjar-HissarGAIL (India) Limited455.0 35.00013.12.2010
9Dahej-Vijaipur (DVPL)-Vijaipur-Dadri (GREP)
Upgradation DVPL 2 & VDPL
GAIL (India) Limited1280.0 54.00014.02.2011
10Dadri-Bawana-NangaGAIL (India) Limited886.0 31.00015.02.2011
11Mumbai regional networkGAIL (India) Limited128.7 7.00014.03.2011
12Kochi-Koottanad-Bangalore-MangaloreGAIL (India) Limited1104.0 16.00031.05.2011
13Dabhol-BangaloreGAIL (India) Limited1414.0 16.00014.11.2011
14Dukli Maharajganj (Earlier-Agartala)GAIL (India) Limited5.2 0.26009.01.2014
15Uran-TrombayOil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited24.0 6.00003.05.2011
16EWPL (Kakinada-Hyderabad -Uran – Ahmedabad)Reliance Gas Transportation Infrastructure
1460.0 95.00019.04.2010
17High Pressure Gujarat Gas Grid networkGujarat State Petronet Limited2239.0 31.00027.07.2012
18Low Pressure Gujarat Gas Grid networkGujarat State Petronet Limited57.6 12.00019.03.2013
19Hazira-AnkleshwarGujarat Gas Company Limited73.2 5.06005.07.2012
20Dadri-PanipatIndian Oil Corporation Limited132.0 9.50005.01.2011
21Assam regional networkAssam Gas Company Limited104.7 2.42820.12.2013
22Uran-TalojaDeepak Fertlizer & Petrochemicals Corp. Ltd.42.0 0.70021.10.2014
23ONGC WHI North Penugonda-GAIL SV StationKEI RSOS Petroleum & Energy Pvt. Ltd7.8 0.05016.02.2016
Total16240.4 431.3
Source: PNGRB

City Gas Distribution (CGD) Networks:

  1. Under the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) Act 2006, PNGRB grants the authorization to the entities for developing a City Gas Distribution (CGD) network (including PNG network) in a specified Geographical Area (GA) of the country. CGD sector has four distinct segments – Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) predominantly used as auto-fuel, and Piped Natural Gas (PNG) used in in domestic, commercial and Industrial segments.
  2. Regulations pertaining to authorization/bidding of City Gas Distribution (CGD) networks were amended in 2018. The revised regulatory framework helped in attracting wider participation from public and private sector in CGD sector and leading to expand the coverage of CGD to 228 GAs spread over 406 districts with potential to cover about 53% of the country’s area and 70% of country’s population. It will make available environment friendly fuel i.e. CNG/PNG to public at large.
  3. To promote the development of CGD network, the Government has accorded the priority in domestic gas allocation to PNG (Domestic) and CNG (Transport) segments. It has been decided to meet 100% gas requirement of CNG (T) and PNG(D) segments through supply of domestic gas which is cheaper than imported gas. At present, CGD sector is consuming approx. 14.36 Million Metric Standard Cubic Meter per Day (MMSCMD) of domestic Gas for CNG (Transport) and PNG (Domestic) sector. There is approx. 10.91 MMSCMD of imported Re-gasified Liquefied Natural Gas (RLNG) used by Commercial and Industrial segment of CGD sector.

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