Personal protective clothing and equipment: Accident at the workplace can be avoided to a great extent by the use of proper protective equipment. Therefore always try to use protective clothing like face shield, earplug, safety helmet, safety shoes, and hand gloves, etc. while at work.
For the protection of the eye and Face: To protect the eye and face against injuries from flying objects, splashing liquids and harmful rays that cannot always be controlled at the source, spectacles, goggles, and face shields are provided. Anyone working, whose work requires eye protection must also wear appropriate eye protection. Always use safety goggles and face shields to provide the best protection against dust, flying particles splashing liquids, etc.
Care of Goggles/ face shields: a) When goggles are not in use, keep them in the case provided. Do not throw them in toolboxes and drawers. They may be damaged. b) Be sure that headbands are in good condition and are elastic. Have defective bands replaced? c) The lens must be securely held in the frames. Inspect them for pits or scratches which may cause eye strain. d) Be sure to use the correct goggles for the hazard involved. e) Wearing contact lenses by the employees working in the process area should not be permitted as it may cause serious injury in case of minor accidents to the eyes. f) As the shield is plastic it is easily scratched. It should be replaced when scratches cause interference with the vision. After using the shield should be cleaned thoroughly for reuse.
Protection against hand and skin: Protective gloves must be worn during an operation where there is a probability of contact with harmful chemicals, solvents. Always use the appropriate type of hand gloves. Use PVC or rubber gloves for protection against electrical shocks and cotton/ canvas gloves for protection against cuts and aberrations. To prevent burns from flying sparks, welders should wear welders’ gloves, sleeves, and jackets when necessary.
Protection of hearing: On the jobs or in the areas having high noise levels, excessive noise may cause fatigue and distraction which would result in accidental injury. For such jobs, earplugs or earmuffs are to be used. Earplugs will reduce the sound level and provide relief. Areas with high noise (90DB) levels should be identified and boards should be put up regarding the use of earplugs or muffs. Use hearing protection (earplug/earmuff) where under normal circumstances noise levels are high. The earmuffs should be washed with soap and water and carefully dried after each use.
Body protection: While working on acid or caustic rings equipment or handling chemicals, etc the body requires protection from them as there are chances of spillage, spray, etc. Use rubber/PVC aprons are required for protection against chemicals.
Foot protection: Always wear safety shoes while at workplaces. Sandal, open-toe shoes shall be considered unsafe. Use gumboots for protection against chemicals, hazardous sledges, etc.
Fall protection: In general, employees shall wear safety belts to give protection in performing jobs at elevated locations where adequate protection against failure is not available. The use of safety belts would be obligatory for all employees when working on elevated platforms above man height, without protective hand railing. The safety belt should be fastened snugly but not tightly. All buckles should be securely fastened. The lifeline, minimum size of 19 mm. the manila rope must be supported independently of the scaffold, carriage or platform from which the work is being done. The lifeline must be tied off as short as the necessary movement of the worker will permit, in order to limit the length of any possible free fall. The longer the free fall the greater the impact on the wearer and the belt. Always use a safety belt while working at height and always anchor the free end to a fixed support. Life belts must be inspected carefully before each use. Fabric belts must not be used of the outer plies are cut or worn through or if there any signs of chemicals damage. All belt hardware must be inspected and replaced if it shows any signs of wear. If the belt is riveted, each rivet should be examined separately. The lifeline must be carefully inspected for any signs of damage or wear. If in doubt, replace the rope. Be sure the tie-off point is of adequate strength. The load test should be done as per statutory rules by competent person and record of same to be maintained.
Respiratory protection: The air we breathe is sometimes contaminated with dust, vapours, toxic fumes or gases. Various types of respiratory protective equipment are provided which enable us to breathe an uncontaminated atmosphere even in the presence of contaminants. It should be remembered that all gases, other than air, are harmful to human beings if inhaled in sufficient concentration. Use suitable face mask & BA set etc. while working inside a toxic area or in a confined space where the Oxygen level is below 19%.
Head protection: The safety hard hat must be worn at all times in the process areas and when performing mechanical work. To ensure proper protection, the cradle must be adjusted so that there is 2.5 cm minimum clearance between the head and the shell of the hat. Persons working in sub-stations or around open electrical equipment must not wear metal hats. Hard hats of no conductive materials must be worn by these persons.
PPE to be maintained at sites: Personal protective equipment like helmets, earplugs, earmuffs, hand gloves, gumboots, PVC suits etc. are to be maintained in sufficient quantities so that same can be utilized by the employees during any activity in the installation. The contractor employees are also to be instructed to use the required PPE during carrying out any job in the CGD installation.